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Serial ATA AHCI 1.2 Specification

Revision 1_2.doc Serial TATAA Serial A Advanced Host Controller cInterfacee Advanced Host Controller Interfa (AHCI) .1.22 (AHCI) 1 Revision 1_2.doc i Revision 1_2.doc Advanced Host Controller Interface revision 1.2 specification available for download at http://developer.intel.com. Ratified on April 9, 2007. SPECIFICATION DISCLAIMER THIS SPECIFICATI...ON IS PROVIDED TO YOU “AS IS” WITH NO WARRANTIES WHATSOEVER, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY, NON-INFRINGEMENT, OR FITNESS FOR ANY PARTICULAR PURPOSE. THE AUTHORS OF THIS SPECIFICATION DISCLAIM ALL LIABILITY, INCLUDING LIABILITY FOR INFRINGEMENT OF ANY PROPRIETARY RIGHTS, RELATING TO USE OR IMPLEMENTATION OF INFORMATION IN THIS SPECIFICATION. THE AUTHORS DO NOT WARRANT OR REPRESENT THAT SUCH USE WILL NOT INFRINGE ANY SUCH RIGHTS. THE PROVISION OF THIS SPECIFICATION TO YOU DOES NOT PROVIDE YOU WITH ANY LICENSE, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, BY ESTOPPEL OR OTHERWISE, TO ANY INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS. Copyright 2003-2007, Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. All product names, trademarks, registered trademarks, and/or servicemarks may be claimed as the property of their respective owners. AHCI Editor: Amber Huffman Intel Corporation MS: JF2-53 th Avenue 2111 NE 25 Hillsboro, OR 97124 amber.huffman@intel.com ii Revision 1_2.doc Table of Contents NTRODUCTION ............................................................................................................. 1 1 I 1.1 Overview.........................................................................................................................................1 1.2 Scope..............................................................................................................................................1 1.3 Outside of Scope ............................................................................................................................1 1.4 Block Diagram ................................................................................................................................1 1.5 Conventions....................................................................................................................................3 1.6 Definitions .......................................................................................................................................4 1.6.1 command list ..........................................................................................................................................4 1.6.2 command slot.........................................................................................................................................4 1.6.3 cs............................................................................................................................................................4 1.6.4 D2H........................................................................................................................................................4 1.6.5 device.....................................................................................................................................................4 1.6.6 FIS..........................................................................................................................................................4 1.6.7 H2D........................................................................................................................................................4 1.6.8 HBA........................................................................................................................................................4 1.6.9 n/a ..........................................................................................................................................................4 1.6.10 port.........................................................................................................................................................4 1.6.11 PRD........................................................................................................................................................4 1.6.12 queue .....................................................................................................................................................4 1.6.13 register memory .....................................................................................................................................4 1.6.14 Task File.................................................................................................................................................5 1.6.15 system memory......................................................................................................................................5 1.7 Theory of Operation........................................................................................................................5 1.8 Interaction with Legacy Software....................................................................................................5 1.9 References .....................................................................................................................................6 2 HBA CONFIGURATION REGISTERS................................................................................... 7 2.1 PCI Header .....................................................................................................................................7 2.1.1 Offset 00h: ID - Identifiers ......................................................................................................................7 2.1.2 Offset 04h: CMD - Command.................................................................................................................7 2.1.3 Offset 06h: STS - Device Status.............................................................................................................8 2.1.4 Offset 08h: RID - Revision ID .................................................................................................................8 2.1.5 Offset 09h: CC - Class Code..................................................................................................................8 2.1.6 Offset 0Ch: CLS – Cache Line Size .......................................................................................................8 2.1.7 Offset 0Dh: MLT – Master Latency Timer ..............................................................................................9 2.1.8 Offset 0Eh: HTYPE – Header Type........................................................................................................9 2.1.9 Offset 0Fh: BIST – Built In Self Test (Optional)......................................................................................9 2.1.10 Offset 10h – 20h: BARS – Other Base Addresses (Optional) ................................................................9 2.1.11 Offset 24h: ABAR – AHCI Base Address ...............................................................................................9 2.1.12 Offset 2Ch: SS - Sub System Identifiers ................................................................................................9 2.1.13 Offset 30h: EROM – Expansion ROM (Optional) ...................................................................................9 2.1.14 Offset 34h: CAP – Capabilities Pointer.................................................................................................10 2.1.15 Offset 3Ch: INTR - Interrupt Information ..............................................................................................10 2.1.16 Offset 3Eh: MGNT – Minimum Grant (Optional)...................................................................................10 2.1.17 Offset 3Fh: MLAT – Maximum Latency (Optional) ...............................................................................10 2.2 PCI Power Management Capabilities...........................................................................................10 2.2.1 Offset PMCAP: PID - PCI Power Management Capability ID...............................................................10 2.2.2 Offset PMCAP + 2h: PC – PCI Power Management Capabilities.........................................................10 2.2.3 Offset PMCAP + 4h: PMCS – PCI Power Management Control And Status........................................11 2.3 Message Signaled Interrupt Capability (Optional)........................................................................11 2.3.1 Offset MSICAP: MID – Message Signaled Interrupt Identifiers ............................................................11 2.3.2 Offset MSICAP + 2h: MC – Message Signaled Interrupt Message Control..........................................11 2.3.3 Offset MSICAP + 4h: MA – Message Signaled Interrupt Message Address ........................................12 2.3.4 Offset MSICAP + (8h or Ch): MD – Message Signaled Interrupt Message Read the full Serial ATA AHCI 1.2 Specification.

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